In this lesson, we learn how to play the E flat major scale. This scale consists of the pitches E♭, F, G, A♭, B♭, C and D. Its key signature has three flats, E♭, A♭and B♭. The relative minor of E flat major is C minor.
E flat Major Scale Intervals
- Tonic – The 1st note of the E-flat major scale is Eb.
- Major 2nd – The 2nd note of the scale is F.
- Major 3rd – The 3rd note of the scale is G.
- Perfect 4th – The 4th note of the scale is Ab.
- Perfect 5th – The 5th note of the scale is Bb.
- Major 6th – The 6th note of the scale is C.
- Major 7th – The 7th note is D.
- Perfect 8th – The 8th note is Eb.
E Flat Major Scale Diagrams
Here’s a diagram of the Eb major scale on the treble clef.
Here’s a diagram of the Eb major scale on the bass clef.
Here’s the Eb major scale on piano.
- Eb is the tonic of the E-flat major scale.
- F is the supertonic of the B-flat major scale.
- G is the mediant of the scale.
- Ab is the subdominant of the scale.
- Bb is the dominant of the scale.
- C is the submediant of the scale.
- D is the leading tone of the scale.
- Eb is the octave of the scale.
Major Scale Formula:
Major scales are formed by combining whole step and half step intervals. They are based on the formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H. “W” stands for whole step, and “H” stands for half step. To count up a whole step (whole tone), count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black. To count up a half step (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black.
Using this formula, let’s form an Eb major scale. Our starting note is Eb. From Eb, move up a whole step to F. From F, go up one whole step to G. Next, we move up a half step from G to Ab. Next, we go up one whole step from Ab to Bb. From Bb, we move up a whole step to C. Next, we move up one whole step from C to D. Finally, we move up a half step from D to Eb.
E Flat Major Scale Piano Fingering:
- Notes: Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C, D, Eb
- Fingerings (LH): 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3
- Fingerings (RH): 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3
The finger numbers are as follows: Thumb: 1, index finger: 2, middle finger: 3, ring finger: 4, pinky (little) finger: 5.
Now that we know the notes of the E flat major scale, let’s learn the triad chords in this scale/key and their notes.
- Chord I – E flat major (notes: Eb – G – Bb).
- Chord ii – F minor (notes: F – Ab – C).
- Chord iii – G minor (notes: G – Bb – D).
- Chord IV – A flat major (notes: Ab – C – Eb).
- Chord V – B flat major (notes: Bb – D – F).
- Chord vi – C minor (notes: C – Eb – G).
- Chord vii – D diminished (notes: D – F – Ab).
Modes of the E flat major scale:
- Ionian/Major Scale: E♭- F – G – A♭- B♭- C – D – E♭
- Dorian: F – G – A♭- B♭- C – D – E♭- F
- Phrygian: G – A♭- B♭- C – D – E♭- F – G
- Lydian: E♭- F – G – A – B♭ – C – D – E♭
- Mixolydian: F – G – A – B♭ – C – D – E♭ – F
- Aeolian/Natural minor scale: G – A – B♭ – C – D – E♭ – F – G
- Locrian: A – B♭- C – D – E♭- F – G – A
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